When you need guardianship of another person, typically you file for guardianship through the probate court and are granted a hearing in about three to four weeks time where you ask the court to appoint you as guardian. However there are some circumstances that are so emergent that you can not wait for that timeframe to be appointed as a guardian. This can be due to a surgery a loved one may need, transitioning a loved one from active care to hospice care, or something equally as urgent. In these cases, an emergency guardian may be needed.
In emergent circumstances, you can go into the court and be asked to be appointed as a temporary guardian pending the full hearing. In these instances, you must prove to the court that this is an emergent life or death situation. If you are able to present circumstances that show there is a need for a guardian right away, the court can appoint you an emergency guardian.